The History of Han Mu Do and its Composition
The History of Han Mu Do and its Composition
Dr. He-Young Kimm (Hyung Suk Kim) was born in 1938. In 1953, Kimm moved to Seoul and entered Kyung Dong High School. During his high school years, he practiced Yudo and Bi Sool under Master Song Kwang-Sub. In 1959 Kimm entered the National Maritime College. During his four years of college life, he received Marine Corps Training and continued his training in Yudo under Master Yoon Yong Jo, with Hapkido training from Master Won Kwang Hwa, and Taekwondo from Master Kang Suh Chong. While Kimm was still in college, he taught self-defense to the 8th U.S. Army, Busan Area Command.
In 1963, after four years in college, he received his B. S. degree in Marine Science and was commissioned as a Marine Corps 2nd Lieutenant. By the invitation of Dr. Mark Scully, president of Southeast Missouri State College (SEMO) and with the recommendation of the Commander of the Korean Marine Corps, and with the sponsorship of Congressman Dr. Min Kwan Shik, Kimm had the chance to go to the U. S. to study and to teach martial arts. Once in the U.S., Kimm studied history and political science and, as a physical education instructor he taught Judo, Hapkido, and Taekwondo.
In the academic field, Kimm finished his B. S. in Education and the M. S. in History. Kimm then enrolled in the graduate program at Louisiana State University (LSU), Baton Rouge, in 1970 pursuing his PhD. He finished his graduate course work for the PhD in 1974, but he presented his dissertation at the International University of Commerce and Technology in 1979 and received his PhD in History.
The 1960s and 1970s was considered the Golden Age of the Oriental Martial Arts among the American public. In the field of Judo, he taught at SEMO College and LSU. He served as the vice-president of the World Korea Yudo Society. He received Hall of Fame recognition in Judo from the Multi-Ethnic Sports Hall of Fame in 2011, Little Rock, Arkansas.
In the field of Taekwondo, he serves as the vice-president of the U.S. Taekwondo Grand Masters Society, and senior advisor to the Tiger Rock Taekwondo International. He wrote the books Taekwondo History, and Self-Defense for Taekwondo Instructors. He received Hall of Fame recognition in Taekwondo from the U.S. Taekwondo Grand Masters Society (2007).
In the field of Hapkido, he served as the president of the American Hapkido Association and is now serving as the over-sea Director of the Korea Kido Association. He wrote the Hapkido, Hapkido II, Hapkido History, and Kuk Sool. He received Hall of Fame recognition in Hapkido from the Korean Martial Art Festival, Crestview, Florida, 2016.
In the field of Han Mu Do, he served as Dean of Andrew Jackson College, and president and founder of the World Han Mu Do Association. He received Hall of Fame recognition from the Federation of Korea Traditional Martial Arts, 2013, and Grand Master of the Year for Taekwondo Times Magazine, 2021. He wrote the Han Mu Do Textbook, Han Mu Do Manual, and Han Mu Do for Beginners.
He travelled extensively to South and North Korea and collected traditional martial art techniques. He then reconstructed these techniques to fit the needs of the modern world as an “intellectual” and “defensive” martial art. He eventually called this martial art “Han Mu Do.” The name of “Han” came from Han Bae Kum, the first founder of Korea. “Mu Do” means martial art. “Han Mu Do” means Intellectual Korean martial art. The primary mission of Han Bae Kum maintains three areas. First, cultivate yourself. Second, help other people. Third, make a better world. Therefore, Han Mu Do’s mission is to carry out these three primary goals.
Composition of Han Mu Do:
I) Sa Myung (Mission)
1. Ja Ah Wan Sung: Cultivate yourself
2. Hong Ik In Gan: Help other people
3. Ee Hwa Seh Gye: Make a better world.
II) Chul Hak (Philosophy)
1. Han (High): Set high goals and achieve them
2. Han (Open): Have an open mind
3. Han (Bright): Always think positive.
III) Nae Kong (Mind Training)
1. Jo Shin (Maintain correct body posture)
2. Jo Shik (Have harmony between inhale and exhale)
3. Ho Shim (Concentrate your mind on one area)
IV) Oeh Kong (Physical techniques)
A. Chae Sul (Empty hand techniques)
1. Ta Sul (Defense with punch and kick)
2. Kwan Jul Sul (Defense with joint locks)
3. Too Sul (Defense with a throw)
B. Moo Ki Sul (Weapon techniques)
1. Koong Sul (Archery: Always aim for the target)
2. Kum Sul (Sword: used for in right manner)
3. Bhong Sul (Reaching the ten directions of Life)
C. Ee Ron (Theory)
1. Sam Bak Ja (Move with the three rhythms)
2. Moo Han Dae (Block with the Infinity movements)
3. Ship Bhang Bub (Defense in ten directions)